The EU`s chief Brexit negotiator, Michel Barnier, told French radio on Monday that he was “concerned” about the chances of a trade deal because Britain still wants “the best of both worlds.” British Replacement of EU External Agreements After Brexit (1 MB, PDF) Other agreements were signed in March with the Pacific Islands (Papua New Guinea and Fiji) and the Cariforum countries (Caribbean). A trade continuity agreement with Iceland and Norway was signed in April. The agreement was signed in May with the Andean countries (Ecuador, Colombia and Peru) and in July with six Central American countries. A continuity agreement with South Korea was initially announced in June and signed in August. In September, the government announced that it had signed an economic partnership agreement with the five members of SACU and Mozambique. Differences remain over the future access of European fishing fleets to British waters and state aid. These relations are governed in different ways: through formal and informal cooperation and cooperation; Dialogues Memorands of communication; Regulatory rules and, in some cases, through international agreements and treaties. The government introduced the Trade Act in November 2017 to allow the implementation of these alternative agreements on the national territory and to implement other measures necessary for an independent UK trade policy after Brexit. In the government`s impact assessment of the trade law published in November 2017, the government covered 88 third countries covered by EU trade agreements and accounting for 13% of the UK`s trade.
This figure does not take into account new agreements signed, such as the EU-Japan partnership. The government advocates transparency in the mission of the European Union and ensures that businesses and citizens have the information they need to prepare for all scenarios. As a result, these pages are regularly updated based on new information about all other agreements as they are advanced. For specific questions regarding certain international agreements, please contact the relevant government department in the list. A communication from the Department of International Trade published in June and subsequently updated indicates that trade with countries with which the government is seeking continuity agreements amounted to $138.7 billion in 2018, or 10.7% of total UK trade. The figures do not include Turkey, Japan and other countries with which a continuity agreement will not be possible until the day of withdrawal. The note states that the continuity agreements signed so far represent 64.2% of the 10.7%. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).
 The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  The UK and Switzerland have also signed a transitional migration agreement that would apply in a non-agreement scenario with the EU.